"Since the 1960s, Taiwan has more private kindergartens than public kindergartens, and the gap between the two reached a peak in the early 1980s. The calls for adding public kindergartens and reducing the burden of parent childcare have become the reform demands of Taiwanese society and the early childhood education (ECE) community. The county and city governments have felt great pressure on the issue of adding public kindergartens. In order to provide affordable opportunities for preschool children quickly, the Executive Yuan announced in 2018 the 'Countermeasures for the Reduction of Children in Taiwan (2018-2022)', in which it also instructed the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health and Welfare to establish a 'quasi-public ECE mechanism'. The quasi-public ECE policy was announced, and it was announced that it would be implemented in counties (cities) outside six municipalities from August 2018, and will be extended to counties (cities) across the country in August 2019. The number of quasi-public preschools signed with the government has increased rapidly; Taking 2020 as an example, the total number of contracted quasi-public preschools is 1,262, which can provide 133,435 admission opportunities, the scale of expansion is a cause for concern. In order to understand the impact of the quasi-public ECE policy on the ecology of ECE, this research aims to explore the content and implementation of this policy, and to make comments on the impact of the policy on the development of ECE. In terms of research methods, document analysis and interview methods are adopted. In terms of document analysis, the origin and content of the quasi-public ECE policy are discussed; the interview part is supplemented by interviews with three quasi-public preschool principals that have signed contracts with the government in the past two years, explores the implementation of the policy and related issues. Based on the aforementioned research results, the researchers analyzed the connotation of the quasi-public ECE policy from neoliberalism, and found that the policy avoids improving the efficiency and service quality of public preschools, and suggestions for follow-up policy development should focus on assisting quasi-public preschools to improve the quality of ECE."