This abstract used the Orem theory to assess a schizophrenia patient’s self-care deficit. The study was done from November 4 to December 28, 2006, measuring nursing problem like selfcare deficit, knowledge deficit, social interaction deficit. The totally compensatory system and partly compensatory system, that accepted care and assistance from nurses were provided. There was a supportive-education system to teach the knowledge. It promoted the patient's ability, and encouraged the family to participate in and learn. The initial discharge planning afterward. The patient could complete selfcare but still had an interaction deficit. But we used telephone to follow up, and give support and home care to help the patient return family and society.