Biotechnology has been applied in agriculture and food industries since 1990. Its application poses new challenges for ensuring food safety in many countries. As a result, governments frequently apply stricter regulations on biotech products and GM foods to protect public interests. In line with the existing jurisprudence on consumer protection, the EU has adopted strong food controls based on risk assessments of biotechnology and GM foods. This paper examines EU laws and risk assessments associated with biotechnology and food safety as the EU model is sui generis, and could provide many lessons and insights for Taiwan regarding the development of good governance practices with respect to biotechnology and food safety.