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篇名
東亞已開發國家的性別平等、家庭政策對生育之影響:對台灣的啟示
並列篇名
Influence of gender equality and family policies on fertility in developed countries in East Asia: lessons for Taiwan
作者 許碧純
中文摘要
持續的低生育率是諸多已開發國家共同面對的問題,儘管生育率都是低於人口替代水準,從晚近三十年的發展而言,北歐及西歐國家有止跌回升的趨勢,東亞及南歐國家則仍持續低迷。為何會有這樣的差異?本文從性別平等、家庭政策及外在環境不穩定等因素分析台灣、日本與南韓之低生育,企圖建立一個解釋東亞已開發國家低生育的分析架構,特別著重於分析台灣、日本及南韓低生育趨勢及政府相關政策的因應與挑戰,最後討論台灣低生育的現況,並進行反思。針對台灣持續的低生育問題,作者建議政府應更積極的投入支持性別平等及相關支持家庭的友善政策,以避免陷入低度生育的陷阱。(台灣衛誌2020|39(2):—142)
Persistent low fertility rate, especially below replacement level, is a critical problem in many developed countries. These rates have been reversed in Nordic countries and Western Europe, but rates have declined to all-time lows in East Asian and Southern European countries since the early 1990s. This study examined differences between the fertility rates of these groups of countries to analyze the factors underlying this difference. Gender inequality, flawed family policies, and macro-level uncertainties are the critical factors that have resulted in low fertility in Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea. In this study, we developed a framework to explain the trend of low fertility in these three East Asian countries, with a particular focus on government responses to this challenge. This study also analyzed the current problem of low fertility in Taiwan to furnish prescriptions for the government. To mitigate the problem of low fertility in Taiwan, government policies should proactively support gender equality and work-life balance. (Taiwan J Public Health. 2020|39(2):129-)
起訖頁 129-142
關鍵詞 性別平等家庭政策生育已開發國家東亞gender equalityfamily policiesfertilitydeveloped countriesEast Asia
刊名 台灣公共衛生雜誌  
期數 202006 (39:3期)
出版單位 台灣公共衛生學會
該期刊-上一篇 高齡社區長者社會衰弱之範域文獻回顧
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