月旦知識庫
  1. 熱門:
 
首頁 臺灣期刊   法律   公行政治   醫學   財經   社會學   教育   其他 大陸期刊   核心   非核心 DOI文章
查看詳細全文
篇名
再探「高興」類近義詞:基於語料庫工具輔助之辨析研究
並列篇名
A Revisit on Near-synonyms Relevant to “Gaoxing”: A Corpus-tool-based Analysis
作者 李詩敏林慶隆
中文摘要
過去近義詞的研究,多由研究者參照偏誤或主觀選取,再逐句分析;此分析方式雖較細緻,但耗力費時。「高興」一詞討論甚多,但各家對孰為「高興」近義詞看法不一,本研究運用語料庫工具輔助找出並分析「高興」類近義詞20個;本研究根據詞性及論元結構,將20個詞分為四類:狀態句賓動詞、狀態謂賓動詞、狀態使動動詞、狀態不及物動詞。第一類再以可否作補語、動詞屬性是否為事實具意志、可否後接「起來」區辨;從顯著特徵來看,「高興」和其他詞差異最大。第四類依句法搭配再分類,第一次類可搭配祈願句,第二次類不可;第一次類中,「喜悅」和其他詞差異最大,「開心」和「快樂」最近似;第二次類中,「喜歡」和其他詞差異最大,「驚喜」和「欣悅」最近似。本研究將詞彙的上下文語境作為判別近義詞的考量依據,並從語意及句法探討近義詞的用法,研究方法客觀,本研究可應用至教學、教材編輯及工具書編纂。
英文摘要
Previous studies examine near-synonyms with reference to interlanguage errors or researchers' subjective selection, which brings out analysis in detailed but time-consuming. The verb gaoxing is widely discussed. However, researchers have different opinions on its synonyms. This paper utilizes corpus tools to find out the near-synonyms of gaoxing and probes into them via CQP web. According to their part-of-speeches and argument structures, 20 near-synonyms relevant to gaoxing are classified into four types: First, a stative verb with a sentential object; second, a stative verb with a verbal object; third, a stative causative verb; fourth, a stative intransitive verb. The first one is further grouped by the verb behaviors of being a complement or not, with or without realis and volition values and of being followed by qilai or not. Among them, the features of gaoxing are most distinctive from other verbs. Further, based on collostructions, the fourth one is divided into two subtypes: The former can occur in an optative sentence but the latter cannot. In the former subtype, xiyue behaves most differently from others whereas kaixin and kuaile behave most similarly. In the latter subtype, xihuan behaves most differently from others whereas jingxi and xinyue behave most similarly. In this study, context factors are included in the discrimination of Chinese near-synonyms. From a viewpoint of semantics and syntax, the analyses of near-synonyms in this paper are objective, and can be applied to teaching as well as textbook and reference book compilation.
起訖頁 45-83
關鍵詞 近義詞華語文語料庫詞性搭配詞動詞屬性時貌特徵near-synonymsCorpus of Contemporary Taiwanese Mandarin (COCT)part-of-speechescollocationsverbal semanticsaspectual features
刊名 華語文教學研究  
期數 201803 (15:1期)
出版單位 世界華語文教育學會
該期刊-上一篇 華語師資生創意教學之分析
該期刊-下一篇 「漢字」與「非漢字」文化圈母語者之華語聽力、閱讀表現差異及其影響因素
 

新書閱讀



最新講座


優惠活動




讀者服務專線:+886-2-23756688 傳真:+886-2-23318496
地址:臺北市館前路28 號 7 樓 客服信箱
Copyright © 元照出版 All rights reserved. 版權所有,禁止轉貼節錄