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篇名
「漢字」與「非漢字」文化圈母語者之華語聽力、閱讀表現差異及其影響因素
並列篇名
A Comparison of the Chinese Reading and Listening Comprehension Performances of the Students from the “Sphere of Chinese Language Influence” and “Non-influenced” Countries
作者 朱我芯林柏翰
中文摘要
來自「漢字文化圈」的日、韓學生,由於語文與文化的近似,在學習華語時,可能有其優勢、亦可能受其干擾。為探究母語背景對華語學習的影響,本研究以71位國際生為例,分列「漢字」與「非漢字」文化圈兩組,比較兩組在華語「閱讀及聽力」兩項理解測驗的表現。並收集學習者的「工作記憶表現」及華語「語言程度」的資料,檢視對理解表現的影響。結果發現,兩組在閱讀理解上並無顯著差異,但在聽力理解上,「非漢字文化圈」組則有顯著優勢。由此可知,學生因母語與華語的歧異,受其干擾。此外,語言程度是影響理解表現的主因,其效果大於工作記憶容量及母語背景等因素,顯示學習的重要性。本文據此建議,「漢字文化圈」背景可作為聽力教學的參考指標。
英文摘要
Second language learning is often affected by learners' native languages. Students from the “sphere of Chinese language influence” countries (i.e., Japanese and Korean) may have the advantages in learning Chinese as a second language (CSL) due to their familiarities with the Chinese language based on their native languages. They may also be subjected to interferences. To explore native-language transfer effect on CSL learning, this study compared the Chinese reading and listening comprehension performances of the 71 international students from “sphere of Chinese language influence” and “non-influenced” countries. Students' “working memory performance” and “Chinese language proficiency level” data were also collected to examine their influences on the comprehension performances. Results showed that although the reading comprehension performances did not differ between the two groups, the listening comprehension performance of the “non-influenced” group was significantly higher than the performance of the other group. A possible negative transfer effect from the Korean and Japanese languages to the CSL learning was found. Results also indicated that students' proficiency level is a major contributor to comprehension performances. It overweighed the native-language transfer effect. We suggested that the “sphere of Chinese language influence” factor should be considered when designing an adaptive CSL listening comprehension teaching.
起訖頁 85-115
關鍵詞 漢字文化圈華語閱讀華語聽力負遷移推論複雜度Chinese as a second language learningsphere of Chinese language influencenegative transfer effectChinese reading and listening comprehensioncomplexity of inference
刊名 華語文教學研究  
期數 201803 (15:1期)
出版單位 世界華語文教育學會
該期刊-上一篇 再探「高興」類近義詞:基於語料庫工具輔助之辨析研究
該期刊-下一篇 發展為西班牙語人士設計之國別化數位華語教材
 

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