This paper seeks to explore the development of strategic culture in the field of international relations by highlighting the problem of its theoretical orientation. The research of IR strategic culture stemmed from the research of traditional ways of war by many military-historical scholars and started to emerge since the 1970s. The main research purpose of strategic culture is trying to look at the ideational origin of state behavior in the international environment by taking the perspective of culture under the dominance of the main stream structural realism. Recently, although the literature on different countries' strategic culture is abundant, we still do not have a common conception and methodology for strategic culture studies, which rendered studies on state strategic policies and behavior via cultural concept weak and contending. This paper therefore tries to revisit and review the research of strategic culture by exploring its evolution, theoretical orientation and its future application in the realm of IR.