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篇名
從宇博(Uber)案與中華電信499專案 遭多次處罰論行政罰法實務的發展
並列篇名
Discussing the Development of the Administrative Penalty Act’s Practice from the Uber and Chunghwa Telecom Cases
作者 蔡震榮
中文摘要
行政罰法有關行為數之確定,一直有爭議,最近爭訟實務,發生兩件重大案件,一為宇博(Uber)交通違規案,引發一序列司法判決,以及立法之修法提高罰則來處理一行為之問題,延長吊銷與吊扣汽車執照期限,產生裁罰性與管制性不利處分之爭議;另一為中華電信499專案違反勞基法案,中華電信與其子公司宏華全省各地門市,遭受最重之罰則,涉及一行為不二罰以及共同違法之處罰。本文就行政罰法實務發展,分述如下:一、一行為不二罰之界定:除行政罰法第24條外,並略述第30與31條管轄競合之處理;二、行政罰法第14條共同處罰要件探討;三、行政罰法管轄權確定之爭議;四、管制性不利處分與裁罰性不利處分之分野。上述所列4點,針對宇博案,首先分析探討主題概念內涵、實務見解以及司法判決重點分析。中華電信案因尚在訴願階段上,則集中在一行為不二罰與主管機關處罰適法性之探討上。
英文摘要
The determination of number of acts under the Administrative Penalty Act has been a controversial issue. Recently there are two material cases in practice: One is Uber’s irregularity case, resulting in a series of judicial judgments, law amendments to raise penalty to solve the single act problem, as well as extension of license suspension and revocation periods that caused disputes over adverse actions of punitive and regulatory natures, and the other case is the Chunghwa Telecom’s violation of labor law due to Project 499. The telecom company and its affiliated stores nationwide were imposed with the heaviest penalty, which involved issues of double jeopardy and joint violation of laws. This article divides the development of the Administrative Penalty Act’s practice into the following four sections: First, the determination of double jeopardy (besides Article 24 of the foregoing Act, the overlapping jurisdictions issue under Article 30 and 31 will be briefly mentioned); Second, the discussion of the constituent elements of Article 14; Third, the controversy over the Act’s jurisdiction determination; Fourth, the distinction between adverse actions of punitive and regulatory natures. The aforementioned four sections will apply to the Uber case by means of analyzing the concept, opinions in practice and judicial decisions, and to the Chunghwa Telecom case by process of administrative appeal.
起訖頁 5-26
關鍵詞 一行為不二罰管轄權裁罰性不利處分管制性不利處分汽車運輸業計程車客運業Double JeopardyJurisdictionAdverse Actions of Punitive NatureAdverse Actions of Regulatory NatureAutomotive IndustryTaxi Transportation
刊名 月旦法學雜誌  
期數 201810 (281期)
出版單位 元照出版有限公司
DOI 10.3966/102559312018100281001  複製DOI
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該期刊-下一篇 行政契約實務問題之探討
 

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