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篇名
行政契約實務問題之探討
並列篇名
Discussion on Questions Relating to Administrative Contract’s Practice
作者 陳清秀黃衛
中文摘要
行政機關與人民締結之契約,是否屬於公法上之行政契約或私法上契約,實務上常發生爭議,本文認為為緩解法律定性爭議問題,應可導入行政機關法律形式選擇自由以及訴訟審判程序選擇自由,尊重行政機關與人民所締結契約之法律形式,以維持法律秩序透明性與安定性,迅速解決契約紛爭。現行實務上承認之行政契約類型,有約聘人員之聘用契約、公立學校與教師之行政契約、公費生契約、委託行使公權力契約、全民健保之特約醫院合約、委託開發工業區合約、獎勵投資興建市場之投資契約、土地徵收前之協議價購契約書、稅法上和解契約、行政執行程序之擔保契約、動物絕育契約等。行行政契約有關違法瑕疵之法律效果,不應僵化處理,而應秉持行政法上比例原則,先設法進行「契約之調整」,於不能調整或不可期待契約當事人調整時者,始歸於無效,以兼顧契約當事人雙方權益。
英文摘要
Whether the contract concluded between the administrative organ and the people belongs to the administrative contract or the private law contract in public law, there is often a dispute in practice. This paper believes that in order to alleviate the problem of qualitative disputes, it should be possible to introduce the freedom of choice of the legal form of the administrative organ and the freedom of choice in the trial procedure. Respect the legal form of the contract between the administrative organ and the people to maintain the transparency and stability of the legal order and quickly resolve the contract dispute. The types of administrative contracts recognized in the current practice include employment contracts for contracted personnel, administrative contracts for public schools and teachers, public expense contracts, commissions for the exercise of public power contracts, special hospital contracts for universal health insurance, commissioned industrial zone contracts, and incentive investments. Investment contract for the construction of the market, agreement price purchase contract before land acquisition, settlement contract on tax law, guarantee contract for administrative execution procedures, animal sterilization contract, etc. The legal effect of the current administrative contract concerning illegality should not be dealt with rigidly. Instead, the principle of proportionality in administrative law should be upheld. First, the “contract adjustment” should be tried. In order to considerate balance to be adjusted by the parties t, it will be invalid.
起訖頁 27-67
關鍵詞 公法契約行政契約私法契約和解契約雙務契約契約屬性之判斷行政契約類型行政契約之指導原則Public ContractAdministrative ContractPrivate ContractSettlement ContractBilateral ContractDetermination of Contract AttributesType of Administrative ContractAdministrative Contract's Principle of Guidance
刊名 月旦法學雜誌  
期數 201810 (281期)
出版單位 元照出版公司
DOI 10.3966/102559312018100281002  複製DOI
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該期刊-上一篇 從宇博(Uber)案與中華電信499專案 遭多次處罰論行政罰法實務的發展
該期刊-下一篇 從憲法訴訟法草案評析憲法訴願制度
 

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