Background: Malnutrition is an important predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients.
Objective: To describe the nutrition status and analyze the predictors among hemodialysis patients.
Methods: This study was conducted in a regional teaching hospital and 155 subjects who underwent dialysis three times a week were recruited. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis were conducted on the demographic characteristics, dialysis conditions, and nutrition of the patients.
Results: 51.8% subjects were female, mean age was 64.10±13.28 years, and dialysis period was 6.00±4.86 years. For nutrition, mean albumin was 3.81±0.36 and 14.8% subjects experienced malnutrition (albumin < 3.5). Current employment was determined to be a significant predictor for albumin in hierarchical regression analysis, and explained 8.3% of all variances.
Conclusions/Application: 14.8% of the HD patients experienced malnutrition. The unemployed had higher rate of malnutrition, and most of the unemployed were the elderly. The researcher therefore proposes nutrition education for the elderly to increase their albumin level. If National Health Insurance can provide a reimbursement model based on quality-of-care similar to that for diabetes this may improve nutrition management among patients.