Article 1 of University Act stipulates that “Universities shall be guaranteed academic freedom and shall enjoy autonomy within the range of laws and regulations”. However, the law cannot fully determine the scope of university autonomy since it belongs to the protection at the constitutional level. In order to clarify how the supervision conferred by Article 162 of the Constitution to the State for regulating universities, we shall carefully examine the related interpretations of the Grand Justices of the Judicial Yuan. We may therefore explore the true connotation from the current Constitution for university autonomy. By studying the relevant interpretations, it is found that although the direct target for those interpre- tations were all related to the teaching affair, which directly involves the freedom of teaching, still, the Grand Justices of the Judicial Yuan have been widely carried out their interpretations for university autonomy. In particular in the holding of the No. 380 Interpretation, the scope for protection of university autonomy is broadly defined thereof, which sufficiently provided a normative view to the several much concerned educational administrative measures without review therewith. However, since those interpretations were not specifically for such condition, the discussions were yet to be confirmed. Within this context, we will learn from the theoretical and judicial practices of the German Constitution in hoping to provide more specific suggestions.