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篇名
嚴重急性呼吸道症候群(SARS)及新冠肺炎(COVID-19)投入資源比較暨推估疫情下可能投入之資源──以某醫學中心與區域醫院為例
並列篇名
Comparison of resources investment for SARS and COVID-19 and the probable investment in epidemic resources - the case of a medical center & regional hospital
作者 林育瑄戴天亮羅銀秀陳惠貞鍾靜江邱淑芳
中文摘要
本研究旨在比較SARS及COVID-19兩疫情資源投入、醫學中心與區域醫院在SARS期間資源投入差異比較分析,及在疫情不同發展階段,推估醫院可能之資源投入(含支出及成本)。方法:採回溯性資料統計,進行不同疫情及不同層級醫院比較及投入資源推估。結果:某醫學中心SARS期間總資源投入為7,034萬元,以設置負壓隔離病房及發燒篩檢站為主要投入資源(約佔總投資50%),而COVID-19期間以防疫物資、醫護人員特別津貼投入較多。而醫學中心與區域醫院投入防疫資源與醫院規模相關性高。另某醫學中心推估新冠肺炎(COVID-19)如發展到最嚴重時期,紫色2階時不含成本分攤會投入約4,304萬元支出,約SARS期間支出61%,如含成本分攤,約投入5,334萬元,約為SARS期間之76%。SARS時期因無類似經驗,突發疫情讓醫院措手不及、且無負壓隔離病房等設施,須大量投入此項資源以收治確診病患,而COVID-19疫情雖嚴峻,因已設置負壓隔離病房等設施,且政府與某醫學中心均採超前部署,至目前為止疫情尚在掌控當中。結論:疫情具有不可預測性,疫情何時結束無法預測,對醫院防疫資源投入的預估有侷限。疫情在某階段時間長短、疫情嚴重度、政府的防疫政策及醫院防疫措施效果均會影響資源投入的金額。而在防疫期間醫院收入減少,如無政府經費挹注,會造成醫院資金周轉問題,政府應作為醫院防疫後盾,適時予以醫院財務支持,以共度難關。
英文摘要
Objectives: This study aims to compare the resources invested during the SARS and COVID-19 epidemics, analyze and compare resources invested by a medical center and a regional hospital during SARS, and estimate the possible investment of resources (including expenses and costs) by the hospitals in different stages of epidemic development. Methods: Compare the different epidemics and hospitals at different levels based on retrospective data, and estimate the investment of resources. Results: A medical center invested 70.34 million worth of resources during SARS, mainly for setting up negative-pressure isolation rooms and a fever clinic (accounting for about 50% of the total investment), whereas the investment during COVID-19 is mainly on anti-epidemic supplies and special allowances for healthcare workers. There is a high level of correlation between investment in anti-epidemic resources by a medical center/regional hospital and the scale of a hospital. Moreover, a medical center estimates that when COVID-19 develops to the most severe stage, the investment will be around 43.04 million (excluding cost allocation), that is about 61% of the expenditure during SARS, and around 53.34 million (including cost allocation), about 76% of the SARS expenditure, at Purple Level 2 status. At the time of SARS, with no similar experience before, hospitals were caught unprepared upon the sudden outbreak, with no negative-pressure isolation facilities. Immense investment had to be made in this resource to accommodate confirmed cases. Although the COVID-19 epidemic is severe, with the negative-pressure isolation facilities already established and the advance deployment already adopted by both the government and the medical center, the epidemic has been kept in control to date. Conclusions: Due to the unpredictability of the epidemic, the time when the epidemic will end is unpredictable, and this will constrain the hospitals' ability to estimate the investment in anti-epidemic resources. The length of a certain stage of epidemic, the severity of the epidemic, the government's anti-epidemic policy, and the result of the hospitals' implementation of anti-epidemic measures all affect the amount of investment in resources. When combating the epidemic, hospitals will have reduced income, and hospitals may face cash flow problem if no government funding is provided. To give back up for the hospitals' anti-epidemic efforts, the government should provide timely financial support for the hospitals to help them overcome the challenge.
起訖頁 397-410
關鍵詞 SARSCOVID-19投入資源超前部屬推估疫情SARSCOVID-19investment of resourcesadvance deploymentepidemic prediction
刊名 台灣公共衛生雜誌  
期數 202008 (39:4期)
出版單位 台灣公共衛生學會
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