Since ten years ago the draft of the Religious Groups Law has been promoted, it has caused much discussion in the field of religion and academic. Because it is involved in the interests of religious groups, and has the possibility to infringe religious freedom. Article 13 of the Constitution expressly provides that people have the freedom of religion, and 'religious group autonomy', which as institutional guarantee to the freedom of religion, is the most relevant and important concept related to the rights of religious groups. However, does the religious group autonomy implement to the draft? And do the right and interests of religious group have been well protected through the Religious Groups Law? These are critical and urgent problems. Therefore, the Article will start from the enactment of legislation and the history of constitutional interpretation, clarify the current status of the religious group autonomy. And then this Article will introduce the various versions of the draft of the Religious Groups Law, summarize the focus and dispute of the various versions. Finally, go back to analysis changes and impact to the current status of the religious group autonomy, after the draft of the Religious Groups Law adopted.