Objectives: Social trust, an essential component of social capital, plays a significant role in shaping one's health and well-being. The present study aims to investigate the distribution of social trust in late childhood and associated social factors. Methods: Data were obtained from the Survey of Physical and Mental Development and Living Needs of Children. A total of 2,691 fourth-grade students were ascertained from public elementary schools in one of the northern counties/cities in Taiwan (response rate = 97.3%). Data were collected from a paperand-pencil self-report questionnaire containing questions about individual demographics, parentchild interaction, community violence exposure, and social trust. Results: Multilevel multinomial logistic regression analyses indicated that parental socioeconomic status (e.g., having at least one immigrant parent (adjusted Odds Ratio [aOR] = 1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.02-1.79)) and parent-child relationship (e.g., feeling neglected (aOR = 1.61, 95% = 1.23-2.12)) are strongly correlated with children's low social trust level. The reduced odds of low social trust level associated with parent-teacher meeting attendance was salient only in the classes characterized by higher parental education (p<0.05). Conclusions: Non-native parents, unfavorable parentchild interaction, and community violence exposure were strongly associated with one's endorsed low social trust in late childhood. Future research is needed to explore how social trust evolves through adolescence and to delineate probable modifiable social factors.