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篇名
非施暴照顧者面對家內兒童遭受身體虐待之行動抉擇歷程
作者 陳嘉容陳宜彣張心怡馮瑞鶯
中文摘要
背景:臺灣兒童虐待通報案件中最常見類型為身體虐待。而非施暴照顧者的態度及行動是終止暴力及預防再次受虐之關鍵。目的:了解非施暴照顧者面對家內兒童遭受身體虐待之行動抉擇經驗歷程。方法:採質性描述性研究,以立意與滾雪球選樣,半結構式、深度訪談11位家中有18歲以下兒童遭受身體虐待之非施暴照顧者,依紮根理論持續比較法分析資料。結果:非施暴照顧者之行動抉擇的核心是從被動觀察到主動參與的歷程,包含三個範疇及五個次範疇,分別為(一)不為所動(託付管教、合理化體罰行為);(二)隱藏行動(以和為貴、策略應用);(三)採取行動(求救底限)。行動抉擇的歷程會受到個人、家庭、環境及社會等多重因素影響其行動策略。結論/實務應用:非施暴照顧者面對兒童遭受身體虐待的行動不同,依個人求助資源多寡及評估情況危急性而決定是否行動,因而可能造成有些兒童未能及時得到援助,而出現行為問題。專業人員可提供非施暴照顧者面對兒童受虐時因應方式與資源運用,協助非施暴照顧者面對與採取行動。 Background: Physical abuse is the most common type of child maltreatment reported in Taiwan. The action of nonabusing caregivers is key to ending this maltreatment and to preventing future victimization in the home. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the decision-making process used by non-abusing caregivers to take action after finding that children under their care were being physically abused at home. Methods: A qualitative descriptive approach was adopted and purposive, snowball sampling was used to recruit 11 non-abusing caregivers of children less than 18 years of age who were experiencing physical abuse at home. Data were collected using semi-structured, in-depth interviews. Data analysis was performed using a constant comparison method that was based on grounded theory principles and techniques. Results: The participants adopted a process that shifted over time from passive observation to active participation in dealing with children under their care being physically abused at home. The three main categories and five subcategories in this process are (1) inaction (shirking parental responsibility and rationalizing spouse's use of corporal punishment); (2) obscure action (family harmony first; strategic solutions); and (3) action (bottom line for asking for help). In this study, the decision-making process was influenced by personal, family, and sociocultural factors. Conclusions / Implications for Practice: The decision of the non-abusing caregivers in this study whether or not to take action was influenced by situational factors, which led to various consequences for their children. Non-abusing caregivers should be provided with coping strategies and resources to help them make decisions that protect the best interests of the physically abused child.
起訖頁 40-48
關鍵詞 兒童身體虐待非施暴照顧者紮根理論行動抉擇child physical abusenon-abusing caregivergrounded theorydecision making in action
刊名 護理雜誌  
期數 201908 (66:4期)
出版單位 臺灣護理學會
該期刊-上一篇 健康促進教育團體改善透析病人憂鬱程度、希望感及生活品質的研究
該期刊-下一篇 加護病房護理人員睡眠品質、靈性健康及其相關因素之探討
 

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