診斷機械故障之結合Hilbert-Huang轉換及階次跟蹤方法- 月旦知識庫
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篇名
診斷機械故障之結合Hilbert-Huang轉換及階次跟蹤方法
並列篇名
Combine Hilbert-Huang Transform and Order Tracking Methods in Fault Diagnosis of Machinery
作者 沈育霖林忠賢康淵
中文摘要
本文針對非穩態運轉的機械探討其故障分析之方法,例如升降速階段因為非等速是一種非平穩過程,無法符合頻譜分析方法對信號平穩性的要求,因此,不能用傅立葉轉換進行分析處理,於是本文使用基於HHT(Hilbert-Huang Transform)的階次跟蹤方法來對非平穩信號進行分析。首先對振動信號進行經驗模態分解得到信號的固有模態函數,再求各個固有模態函數Hilbert 轉換,得到信號的瞬時頻率及瞬時振幅並對應時間即可得HHT(Hilbert-Huang Transform)時頻譜,從時頻譜中取兩個時間點之頻譜,觀察其轉速頻率及共振頻率。將各個瞬時頻率進而求得脈衝信號對應到振動信號之再採樣時間,根據此再採樣時間對原始信號進行等角度重採樣,最後對重採樣信號進行階次跟蹤分析可得到時間階次譜,同樣從時間階次譜中取兩個時間點之階次譜,觀察其階次之幅值變化辨識是否故障。
英文摘要
The paper applies the planet gear deceleration machine for fault diagnosis analysis of study, Because of the gear rises to change down the stage is one kind of unsteady process, is unable to conform to Fourier to transform to the signal stable request, therefore, cannot use conventional the spectral analysis method to carry on the analysis processing, so this use of order tracking based on Hilbert-Huang transform method to analyze unsteady signal. At first carries on the experience modality decomposition to the vibration signal to obtain the signal inherent modality function, Then obtained for each intrinsic mode function of the received signal after Hilbert transform instantaneous frequency and instantaneous amplitude and corresponds to the time then you can get HHT time frequency spectrum then takes spectrum of two time points from the time frequency spectrum, observe the rpm frequency and resonance frequency, and then obtains the signal impulse by each instantaneous frequency to correspond the vibration signal the resampled time, according to this resampled time to the original signal carries on resampled in angle-domain, finally using order tracking to analyze resampling signal. The simulated signal and the example analysis has confirmed this method accuracy and the reliability, then takes order spectrum of two time points from the time order spectrum, observed whether the fault by order amplitude changes.
起訖頁 143-152
關鍵詞 Hilbert-Huang轉換經驗模態分解瞬時頻率階次跟蹤故障診斷Hilbert-Huang TransformEmpirical Mode DecompositionInstantaneous FrequencyOrder TrackingFault diagnosis.
刊名 勞動及職業安全衛生研究季刊  
期數 201709 (25:3期)
出版單位 行政院勞動部勞動及職業安全衛生研究所
該期刊-下一篇 我國中小型企業職業安全衛生專案輔導成效之探討——以職業衛生輔導為例
 

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