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篇名
華語學前兒童語音的習得
並列篇名
The Speech Acquisition of Mandarin-Speaking Preschool Children
作者 鄭靜宜
中文摘要
兒童習得母語中各音素的時間有所差異,有些音素較早,有些音素則 較晚。本研究探討說華語兒童在聲母、母音和鼻韻習得年齡,評估416 位 年齡在三到六歲說華語兒童的構音能力,以個別評估方式進行詞語構音和 語句構音測驗。以75%人數比率為習得標準,發現多數華語子音在五歲前 習得,其中鼻音和不送氣塞音在三歲前習得,送氣音以及部分塞擦音和摩 擦音在四歲習得;較難的摩擦音和塞擦音在五歲習得;六歲兒童尚未習得 捲舌音。母音和鼻韻方面,除了捲舌母音(ㄦ)外,母音皆在三歲前習得。 鼻韻習得較晚,除軟顎鼻韻(ㄤ)外,其餘三個鼻韻在四歲時習得,軟顎 鼻韻則在五歲習得。本研究的結果可供聽語臨床評估與介入參考,並作為 兒童語音異常嚴重度診斷之參照。
英文摘要
The purpose of this study is to investigate the articulatory ability for the preschool Mandarin- speaking children. There were total 416 preschool children tested with a word articulatory test and a sentence articulatory test. There were four age groups of children, and their age ranged from 3 to 6 years old. After the speech errors in the speech sample were analyzed and the ratio of correct articulation children in a group were calculated with 75% as acquisition level, the results show that most of consonants were acquired before five years old, and the most difficult consonants were retroflexes, which were not acquired even in the six-years-old group. Children learned the simple stops and nasals before three years old, and the aspirated consonants at four years old. Fricatives and affricates were acquired at five years old. Children acquired all the vowels before three years old, except the retroflexed vowel. The acquisition of nasal-rimes was much later than that of vowels. Most of nasal-rimes were acquired for four-year-old children, except the velar nasal-rime, which was acquired at five years old. The results can serve as a developmental norm of articulatory ability for children as well as the severity reference for children with speech sound disorders (SSD).
起訖頁 109-136
關鍵詞 語音習得構音能力聲母鼻韻年齡speech acquisitionarticulatory abilityinitial consonantsnasal rimeage
刊名 華語文教學研究  
期數 201709 (14:3期)
出版單位 世界華語文教育學會
該期刊-上一篇 二語習得者近似母語者之語句處理歷程:來自漢語為二語者所展現之句法啟動
該期刊-下一篇 在語用和用語之間——《語用研究與華語教學》書評
 

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