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篇名
精神科日間照護病人體重控制成效
並列篇名
Effects of a Weight-Control Program in a Day-Care Psychiatric Ward
作者 許維書謝杏玲巫菲翎
中文摘要
慢性精神病人體重過重及肥胖情形極為嚴重,根據統計台灣地區住院中精神分裂症病人的肥胖盛行率達16.4%,藉由體重控制養成病人良好的健康行為且有效改善肥胖問題。調查本院慢性精神病人肥胖佔46.2%,分析原因為飲食認知不足、運動時間不足、未監測體重變化、缺乏獎勵制度以及未提供低卡輕食餐。為能達到病人體重控制,本專案於2011年4月1日至9月30日成立專案小組,共同推動六項體重控制的改善方案(1)推行享瘦享受手冊;(2)舉辦飲食衛教課程;(3)推行運動課程;(4)實施飲食及運動監測日誌;(5)實施獎勵制度;(6)提供低卡輕食餐。經方案實施後BMI由30.1Kg/m^2降至28.7Kg/m^2,平均體重由80.2Kg降幅至77.3Kg,顯示本專案介入方案能有效達到體重控制成效。
英文摘要
Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent in psychiatric patients. The prevalence of obesity was 16.4% among inpatients with schizophrenia in Taiwan. Through appropriate weight-control programs, patients can develop healthy behaviors to resolve obesity effectively. 46.2% of psychiatric patients are obese in our hospital. The reasons for overweight and obesity were lack of dietetic knowledge, exercise, monitoring of weight changes, incentive programs and provision of low-calorie meals. To help patients control their body weight, a weight-control team was formed. This project, performed between 1 April 2011 and 30 September 2011, comprised six weight-control programs: (1) distributing "Fitness and Blissfulness" handbooks; (2) delivering dietetic courses; (3) offering exercise classes; (4) maintaining diet and exercise diaries; (5) implementing incentive programs; and (6) providing low-calorie meals. After these programs were implemented, the participants' average BMI decreased from 30.1 to 28.7 kg/m^2, and the average weight decreased from 80.2 to 77.3 kg, indicating that this intervention project was effective in weight control.
起訖頁 189-198
關鍵詞 日間照護精神病人肥胖體重控制身體質量指數day carepsychiatric patientsobesityweight controlbody mass index
刊名 長庚科技學刊  
期數 201606 (24期)
出版單位 長庚科技大學
該期刊-上一篇 照顧一位股骨頭缺血性壞死接受人工髖關節再造術病人之護理經驗
 

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