The opium war marked a turning point in modern Chinese history, and its importance spoke for itself. The literati played important roles during the Qing dynasty, nevertheless, their roles in the opium war were neglected and rarely discussed. Although the opium war ended with a peace negotiation without involving large-scale warfare, the literati still demanded to fight with British. During this process, a network of literati worked secretly in order to build a better atmosphere for the “hawks” and criticism of the “doves”. The aim of this article is to focus on the literati’s comments on Lin Tse-Hsu, Yao Ying, Mujangga and Kisan. It also examines how the literati molded public opinion through the process of deifying the “hawks” and demonizing the “doves.” The article further discusses how the literati’s network worked during the opium war through various means, including the self-propaganda of the hawks as well as the spread of the Mujangga-party’s influence. Lastly, this article explores the importance of the literati’s network during the opium war and how the literati shaped public opinion and their self-image through this network.