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篇名
晉明清及現代各家針灸文獻對手太陽小腸經重要腧穴針刺深度之考證
並列篇名
An Investigation of Needling Depths for the Hand Tai Yang Small Intestine Meridian in Literature
作者 林昭庚李德茂
中文摘要
針灸為中國醫學之一門,屬於物理療法,是一種最迅速確實且簡便安全之專門醫術。其內容記載於我國歷代醫學典籍,及民國以來海峽兩岸之各種針灸專書。而中國古代醫學典籍中,有關針灸深度的探討,可溯及最早的 << 內經 >>,到了晉代皇甫謐 << 針灸甲乙經 >>,即有每個穴位的詳細深度分寸之記載。而明朝楊繼洲之 << 針灸大成 >>,雜合了<< 內經 >>、<< 難經 >> 以下,至元明諸家之說,集其大成,使針灸之理論及實踐有更詳細的記載。而近代海峽兩岸更有許多針灸專書將穴位結合了現代解剖生理組織學加以定位,使得針刺深疫的記載更為詳實,而本文即想藉整理晉明清及現代針灸文獻有關於手太陽小腸經重要及常用穴位針刺深度的記載,進而瞭解古代至現代歷經二、三千年的演變,穴位針刺深度是否有所差異。以傳統「同身寸」為度量單位,以微軟 Excel 軟體製圖,我們發現:從晉代、明代到清代,手太陽,小腸經重要及常用穴位之針刺深度並沒有很大的差異性,而後針刺深度漸漸增加,到了 << 中西針灸科學 >> 及大陸 << 新針灸學 >> 的年代針刺深度有顯著性的增加,以後又漸漸變淺。
英文摘要
Acupuncture, which is a branch of traditional Chinese medicine, is a kind of physical therapy. It is a very accurate, fast acting, simple and safe medical manipulation. Among ancient Chinese medical works, Huang-ti-nei-ching is the oldest. Later, the Chia-i-ching written in the Chin dyansty gave the depths of needling for the individual acupoints. Subsequenctly, the Chen-chiu-ta-cheng reviewed all writings on acupuncture. Recently, both Taiwan and mainland China have published many specialized books that integrate acupuncture with modern anatomy, physiology and histology, and which define more clearly and accurately needling depths of needling for the various acupoints. The aim of the present investigation is to understand if there is any difference in the needling depth for each acupoint that may have occurred with the passage of a history of more than two thousand years. We looked up records on depths of acupoints of the hand tai yang small intestine meridian from literature of the various generations from the Chin, Ming, and Ching dynasties down to modern times in order to find out the answer. Using the traditional tung-shen-tsun (body equivalent scale) as a common measurement unit for comparison of the different values of needling depth for the same acupoint, we plotted graphs with Microsoft's Excel program to show the differences from which we have found that depths given in the Chung-hsi-chen-chiu-ke-hsueh (Chinese and Western Acupuncture Science) and Hsin-chen-chiu-hsueh (New Acupuncture) are deeper than in other works.
起訖頁 73-84
關鍵詞 手太陽小腸經腧穴針刺深度同身寸Hand tai yang small intestine meridianAcupointsDepths of acupointsTung-shen-tsun
刊名 中醫藥雜誌  
期數 199706 (8:2期)
出版單位 衛生福利部國家中醫藥研究所(原:國立中國醫藥研究所)
該期刊-上一篇 六磨湯治療慢性機能性便秘之研究
該期刊-下一篇 醫林改錯活血化瘀方劑對活動力正常精子之體外強精效應
 

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