Container terminal is the gate of marine transport service and its overall operational performance affects the route planning of ship companies. The loading and unloading operations are the evaluation indicator for the performance of container terminal, and which is in turn related to the quay's support. This study discusses the influence of block deployment and charging cranes, types and quantities on the operational performance of a linear container terminal. Six scenarios in four influential variables of block deployment, trucks, route, charging crane type and quantities in the yard, and two indicators of the operational performances of berth and gantry cranes are considered. A simulation system of container terminal is built via Flexsim CT software. The results show that dispersal block deployment, moderate equipment assignment, shorter truck driving path, and faster truck move between berth and yard would decrease gantry cranes, waiting time and ship's staying time, and promote the operational performance of container terminal.