The “Unmanned Vehicles Technology Innovative Experimentation Act (hereinafter the “Unmanned Vehicles Act”)” published in December 2018 aims at encouraging the public to invest in the development, innovation, and application of unmanned vehicles, establishing a reasonable and safe innovative experimental environment, as well as bringing such vehicles truly into human lives. It is Taiwan’s first legislation on artificial intelligence research and experimentation. The completion of the Unmanned Vehicles Act not only reflects Taiwan’s determination to develop self-driving cars, but also demonstrates Taiwan’s ambition to promote technologies related to unmanned vehicles. Even though this Act is a relatively less well-known legislation for Taiwan’s citizens, technology sector, as well as legal industry, it is closely tied with the future development of technology industries and has become more essential considering the current rapid evolution of artificial intelligence. This article, serving as a reference for those interested in the Act, will introduce its legislative purpose and the relevant provisions as well as provide detailed illustrations and examples regarding the application of exemptions.