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篇名
身體活動、心肺適能與靜態心跳數做為預測死亡風險的重要指標
並列篇名
Physical Activity, Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Resting Heart Rate as Important Predictors of Mortality
作者 黃森芳陳杰
中文摘要

全球非傳染性疾病(non-communicable diseases, NCDs)逐年上升,缺乏身體活動是非傳染性疾病的主要危險因子之一;增加身體活動可以預防且治療多種非傳染性疾病,提升身體全面的健康。規律運動可以促進人體心肺、循環系統輸送氧氣的效率,提升心肺適能,並降低靜態心跳數。本文以 physical activity、exercise、mortality、cardiorespiratory fitness、resting heart rate 等關鍵字,經由學術 google 搜尋國內外相關學術期刊所刊載的研究論文,並探討、分析、彙整其研究結果與結論,確認增加身體活動可以提升心肺適能與降低靜態心跳數、促進整體身體健康,降低罹患多種疾病與死亡風險。身體活動、心肺適能與降低靜態心跳數可作為運動促進身體健康的重要指標。維持身體健康的每週最佳身體活動量應為世界衛生組織最低建議量的5倍,也就是每週中強度身體活動750分鐘左右、心肺適能維持 14 METs 以上及靜態心跳數應達每分鐘小於50次。

 

英文摘要

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, and physical inactivity is one of the major risk factors of NCDs. Increasing physical activity helps prevent and treat a variety of NCDs and improve overall health. Regular exercise promotes efficiency of oxygen delivery by heart, lung and general circulatory system in general, improves cardiorespiratory fitness, and reduces resting heart rate. This article used keywords like physical activity, exercise, mortality, cardiorespiratory fitness, and resting heart rate to identify in Google Scholar related papers published in academic and scientific journals. After reviewing, analyzing, and critically assessing the results and conclusions of the identified papers, we confirmed the effectiveness of increasing physical activity in promoting overall health and lowering risks of various NCDs morbidity and mortality by improving cardiorespiratory fitness, and decreasing resting heart rate. Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and resting heart rate can therefore be used as important indicators of overall health. Our study further suggests that the optimal physical activity volume should be 5 times of the minimal level recommended by WHO, i.e., moderate-intensity exercise for 150 minutes per week. The best cardiorespiratory fitness level and resting heart rate, on the other hand, are recommended to be higher than 14 metabolic equivalent of task and lower than 50 beats per minute respectively.

 

起訖頁 012-022
關鍵詞 cardiorespiratory fitnessexercisemortalityphysical activityresting heart rate
刊名 台灣家庭醫學雜誌  
期數 201903 (29:1期)
出版單位 台灣家庭醫學醫學會
該期刊-上一篇 斯達汀類藥物治療第二型糖尿病的高血脂及其安全性探討
該期刊-下一篇 台灣某教學醫院健檢受檢者之代謝症候群與消化性潰瘍之相關性
 

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