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篇名
新住民母親與六個月大嬰兒的親子互動:家庭語料分析研究
並列篇名
New Immigrant Mothers and Infant’s Social Interaction: Discourse of Family Language Context
作者 葉郁菁陳蔚慈
中文摘要
親子互動品質攸關幼兒的語言和社會發展,但對於照顧者與六個月大嬰兒互動的型態,我們所知有限。本研究以新住民家庭為對象,透過家庭語料的採集,分析新住民母親照顧六個月大嬰兒時的親子互動。研究目的探討新住民家長與嬰兒的親子互動特質,並從當中比較不同文化背景的新住民家長親子互動內涵的差異。本研究發現,不論東南亞或大陸母親照顧嬰兒時,出現的互動內容多半與照顧有關,但是,大陸母親的照顧過程,對行為或情緒的表達使用較多的語言情境描述,而東南亞母親的照顧過程較常以模仿嬰兒的話語,較多短句,較少對表達的句子做詞彙和意義的延伸。東南亞新住民母親與六個月大嬰兒互動時,較常使用無意義、非正式的媽媽話;大陸新住民母親則會運用較多語言情境的描述、假設對方可以理解的對話,自己設問自答等型態。同時,從家庭語料分析中也可以發現,新住民母親在情緒壓力下,他們傾向短句、急促性的回應。研究者歸納以下結論:一、以生活照顧為主的對話情境與互動時語料內容的文化差異;二、以序列性唱數為提升嬰幼兒認知發展與做為規範和命令的差異。據此,研究者提出建議,包含:一、鼓勵新住民家長照顧嬰幼兒時使用多種語言。二、新住民家長學習增加親子互動內涵。三、敏感的照顧者和富有回應的親子互動可以建立嬰幼兒的安全依附。
英文摘要
Young children’s language development starts from their very early age. Positive parent-and-child interactive quality closely linked to young children’s linguistic and social development. The aims of this study were to explore the parent-and-child interactions of new immigrant mothers and their 6-month infants, and to compare the contents of interactions between different cultural and national origins. The research findings included: the new immigrant mothers’ verbal communication influenced their interactions with infants. Most of the family dialogues presented their caring activities. However, the Chinese mothers tended to adopted more expressive way to convey their feeling or behaviors. The immigrant mothers from Southeast Asian countries adopted more short sentences with commends and order due to their limited vocabularies. The Southeast Asian immigrant mothers used very limited sentences and then they seldom had expressive sentences to the interacting situation. Their oral expressions tended to be meaningless and informal. The immigrant mothers less paid attentions to infants’ needs and showed more emotional responses due to their pressure at home. The following suggestions were provided: it could be better to encourage the Southeast Asian immigrant mothers to use their heritage language to interact with their children and therefore this could expand the dialogues. Secondly, we may train or teach the immigrant mother how to notice their children’s needs and to make proper responses. Thirdly, parent-and-child interactions are not only related to care but also empathy and emotional support.
起訖頁 112-129
關鍵詞 新住民語言表達親子互動嬰兒new immigrantslanguage expressionparent-child interactionsinfants
刊名 教育研究月刊  
期數 201901 (297期)
出版單位 高等教育出版公司
該期刊-上一篇 多元文化師資培育課程內涵與實施策略之德懷術探究
該期刊-下一篇 新住民子女之就學情況與未來工作期許之研究:以嘉義縣新住民子女調查為例
 

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