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篇名
二○一七年德國犯罪所得沒收新法──刑法基礎規定綜覽
並列篇名
The Reform of the German Law on Confiscation of Proceeds 2017: An Overview of the Basic Provisions of Criminal Law
作者 王士帆
中文摘要
任何人都不得保有犯罪所得,為普世基本法律原則,我國犯罪所得沒收新制於二○一六年七月一日施行。此次立法形成,以德國法為仿效對象之一。德國二○一六年進一步提出《刑法財產剝奪改革法案》(Gesetz zur Reform der strafrechtlichen Vermögensabschöpfung),業經德國國會審查通過,新法於二○一七年七月一日施行,展現全新的沒收制度。德國新法立法目的,在根本性改革、簡化犯罪所得沒收法制,改革層面涵蓋《刑法》(StGB)、《刑事訴訟法》(StPO)與若干特別法,單單合併計算前兩者的修正條文即達上百條,是德國犯罪所得沒收自一九七五年於刑法全面實施以來,最大規模的變革。本文以德國新法犯罪所得沒收之基礎規定(§§ 73, 73c, 73d, 73e, 75, 76 StGB)為綜覽範圍,盼提供比較法啟發意義。
英文摘要
It is an universal and basic principle of law that no one shall be able to retain the proceeds of crime. In Taiwan, the existing system for confiscating proceeds of crime came into effect on July 1, 2016. The legislation was modeled after laws implemented in Germany at the time. After Taiwan amended its own law, however, the new Act to Reform Criminal Law on Proceeds of Crime (Gesetz zur Reform der strafrechtlichen Vermögensabschöpfung) became effective in Germany on July 1 2017, introducing entirely new rules for the confiscation of proceeds of crime. The fundamental purpose of this new law was to fundamentally reform and simplify the legal system for confiscating criminal proceeds. The scope of reform covered criminal law (StGB), codes of criminal procedure (StPO), and a certain amount of special laws. It served as the most significant change to the confiscation of proceeds of crime since the full implementation of criminal law in Germany in 1975. This essay studies the new German law on basic regulations in confiscation of proceeds of crime (§§ 73, 73c, 73d, 73e, 75, 76 StGB) with the objective of providing some comparative law inspiration.
起訖頁 81-143
關鍵詞 犯罪所得沒收德國總額原則被害人Proceeds of CrimeConfiscationGermany Criminal Code (Strafgesetzbuch)Gross PrincipleVictim
刊名 政大法學評論  
期數 201806 (153期)
出版單位 國立政治大學法律學系
DOI 10.3966/102398202018060153002  複製DOI
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