Financial institutions are on the first line of combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism. With the innovation of the business and the transformation of techniques of money-laundering, insurance companies are more likely to become the annual of money laundering. To achieve anti-money laundering and countering terrorism financing , we can not only rely on the guidance of the government but also need the coordination with the financial institutions. In this article, we will introduce the Money Laundering Control Act, which is amended on December 12th, 2016 and enter into force on June 28th, and the Directions Governing Anti-Money Laundering and Countering Terrorism Financing of Insurance Sector, which is amended on February 2th, 2017. Furthermore , we have indicated out five major operating procedures that the insurance companies should complete, including (a) establish its own policies and procedures against money laundering, (b) undertake customer due diligence and keep all the information, (c) maintain all necessary records on transactions, both domestic and international, (d) report currency transactions equal to or above the applicable designated threshold and all suspicious transactions, (e) others, including ongoing customer due diligence and assess the money laundering or terrorist financing risks that may arise in relation to the development of new products or services or new businesses. We hope this article can initiate the readers into the legal compliance of anti-money laundering and countering terrorist finance of Taiwanese Insurance Companies.