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篇名
民法修正與消費者保護——複數的消費者保護之動向與課題(譯文)
並列篇名
Amendment of the Civil Code and Consumer Protection: The Direction and Issues Regarding Protection of Multiple Consumers
作者 杜怡靜
中文摘要
本文係以日本民法修正時,原本想將消費者保護的概念融入於民法中作一般性的規範,但有不少學界認為行之有年消費者契約法中已經發揮了消費者保護的功能,民法應維持其基本法的立場,不應將為特定對象所為的規定放到民法中,以至於民法修正最終還是以基本性的規定,如意思能力、動機錯誤、定型條款等原則性規定進行修法;除了保證人保護之問題在民法修正中大幅增定外,在民法未竟全功的消費者保護的問題,則藉由消費者契約法的修法來完成。因此本文可凸顯因對消費者保護採雙重規範的情形下,基本法的民法與特別法的消費者契約法間如何分工與整合,不因特別法而使基本法形同具文,為此次日本民法修正中最大考量點之一。
英文摘要
Originally while amending the Japanese Civil Code, proposals were made to incorporate consumer protection into its system as the general regulations. However, many scholars argued that the Consumer Contract Act, which governs the protection of consumers, has been in place for years, and it was improper to prescribe specific matters in the Civil Code, which serves as a fundamental law. Accordingly, only fundamental regulations, such as mental capacity, mistake in motive, adhesive contract, were amended eventually. Except the large-scale addition of guarantor protection in the Civil Code, the amendment of consumer protection regulations was completed in the Consumer Contract Act. This article will address the division and cooperation for consumer protection under the dual-regulations (i.e. the Civil Code as the fundamental law and the Consumer Contract Act as the special law), and demonstrate how this design prevented the Civil Code from being unenforceable, which was the greatest concern during its amendment. 
起訖頁 78-85
關鍵詞 消費者民法修正定型契約動機錯誤無效撤銷ConsumerAmendment of the Civil CodeAdhesive Contract
刊名 月旦法學雜誌  
期數 201703 (262期)
出版單位 元照出版公司
DOI 10.3966/102559312017030262004  複製DOI
QRCode
該期刊-上一篇 少子高齡社會與年金制度改革――檢視年金制度改革在年金財務永續之侷限性
該期刊-下一篇 共思臺灣民法及消費者保護法上意思表示之相關問題
 

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