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篇名
連帶沒收淺介──德國實務經典裁判分析
並列篇名
Brief Introduction to the Joint Confiscation: Analysis of Classical German Practices
作者 惲純良
中文摘要
自二○一六年七月起,我國刑法沒收制度出現了重大的變革。沒收不再屬於從刑的一種,而是一種獨立於刑罰以及保安處分之外的「準不當得利的衡平措施」。然而啟人疑竇的是,在新法之中並沒有「連帶沒收」的相關規定,以致於論者有此一問:在新法之下法院是否有宣告連帶沒收的可能性?如果將眼光放到德國法,我們發現德國刑法典中同樣也沒有連帶沒收的明文規定,但是這不代表連帶沒收在德國實務界並不存在。事實上,連帶沒收在德國實務上早已行之有年,並且為聯邦最高法院以及憲法法院所接受。在符合特定的主客觀條件的要求之下,准許法院對於數行為人為連帶沒收的宣告仍然具有一定的正當性。
英文摘要
Since July 2016, the confiscation system in Taiwan’s Criminal Law has been revolutionarily modified. Confiscation no longer fits in the category of subordinate sentence, but refers to a “quasi-unjust enrichment equity measure” that runs separately from the penalty and rehabilitative measures. However, the absence of relevant rules on the “joint confiscation” in the new law has raised doubts about the possibility for the court to order the joint confiscation from several debtors. Likewise, it could be seen that there is also no regulation specifically focused on the joint confiscation in the German criminal law. Nevertheless, the presence of the joint confiscation in German practices still could not be ruled out. In fact, joint confiscation has been not only practiced in Germany for years, but also accepted by the Federal Supreme Court and Federal Constitutional Court. Under certain subjective and objective conditions, the joint confiscation orders issued by the court to several parties as joint and several debtors still have a certain degree of legitimacy. 
起訖頁 74-105
關鍵詞 沒收連帶責任共同處分權限準不當得利的衡平措施ConfiscationJoint and Several LiabilityJoint Disposition Authority
刊名 月旦法學雜誌  
期數 201612 (259期)
出版單位 元照出版公司
DOI 10.3966/102559312016120259005  複製DOI
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該期刊-上一篇 概觀日本「關於刑事案件中沒收第三人所有物程序之應急對策法」
該期刊-下一篇 兩岸避免雙重徵稅及加強稅務合作協議之法理解析
 

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