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篇名
從區段徵收本質論抵價地之發還
作者 王珍玲
中文摘要
土地徵收是國家因公益需要,對私有財產權之一種侵害行為,不是國家為圖國庫利益取得私有財產權之手段,更非公益與私益衝突之調整工具,而是一種因公益需要,侵害私有財產權之最後萬不得已手段,故徵收須符合憲法上之比例原則。區段徵收因在補償之財務能自給自足,對於國家並無財務之負擔或行政上之急迫性,在有多種補償方法,且抵價地足夠補償全體原土地所有權人之損失時,由原土地所有權人,依其選擇,向徵收機關請求以給付補償金或抵價地之方法補償其損失時,徵收機關應依行政程序法第7條第2款:「有多種同樣能達成目的之方法時,應選擇對人民權益損害最少者」之規定為之。故對提出發還抵價地之申請者,應按其意願,依比例原則發給之;直轄市或縣(市)主管機關如欲以原土地所有權人應領抵價地權利價值未達當次最小分配面積所需之權利價值,作為拒絕以抵價地補償之事由者,應符合比例原則,非僅得以區段徵收實施辦法第29條第2項規定為準,否則即有增加法律所無之限制,有違法律保留原則之虞。而所謂最小分配面積所需之權利價值,亦應參酌各別原土地所有權人應受領之補償費占全部區段徵收總補償地價之比例而定,以滿足全部被徵收之原土地所有權人皆得選擇以抵價地之方式受補償,始符徵收法理。
英文摘要
Land expropriation is an infringement on the private property rights due to national public service needs, not means for State Treasury interests to get the private property rights, nor adjustment tools for conflicts of public and private interests. Land expropriation is a last resort of means to violate private property rights for public needs. Expropriation shall be in accordance with the principle of proportionality proposed by the Constitution. The finance for the Zone Expropriation compensation can be self-sufficient. There is no financial burden or administrative urgent for the nation. There are many compensation methods. While the Land for Compensation enough to compensate the losses for all original land owners, the original land owners, according to their choices, can apply either the payment or the land to compensate their losses from the levy authority. The levy authority should follow the rules described in the administrative procedures at the 7th article and the 2nd paragraph: “Should select the method least damage to the people’s interests, while there are various ways”. Due to this reason, for the applicants who propose to return their Lands for Compensation, the levy authority should give back their lands according to proportion principles. If the municipal or county (city) competent authorities refuse to compensate using Lands for Compensation because the right values of Land for Compensation for the original land owners do not reach the minimum requirement of the right values for the distributed areas at that time, the competent authorities must comply with the proportion principles. The competent authority cannot merely follow the rules of the Zone Expropriation implementation legislation the 29th article and 2nd items. The meaning of the minimum requirement of the right values for the distributed areas shall be charged against the proportion of accepted compensation fee by the total premium for each original landowner. Finally, all expropriated land owners can choose to be compensated using the method of Land for Compensation. 
起訖頁 65-78
關鍵詞 區段徵收抵價地正當法律程序公益性必要性Zone Expropriation, Land for Compensation, Due Process
刊名 月旦裁判時報  
期數 201611 (53期)
出版單位 元照出版公司
DOI 10.3966/207798362016110053006  複製DOI
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