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篇名
債權效力不動產優先購買權之法律效果
並列篇名
The Effect of in Personam Rights of First Refusal of Real Estate
作者 黃健彰
中文摘要
不動產先買權的債權效力究何所指,與一般所謂債權效力是否相同,有待釐清,本文探討之,並就既有的學說與實務見解予以回應。關於債權效力不動產先買權,首先,如出賣人違反法定先買權的規定而出賣標的物,但尚未將標的物移轉給買受人,在法定先買權人主張優先購買後,原承買的第三人不得請求移轉登記,因此,債權效力法定先買權,於第三人取得標的物所有權前,較一般的債權效力為強。其次,在出賣人將標的物移轉給第三人後,先買權人在現實上不一定均得向出賣人請求賠償。再者,如認為先買權的行使須以出賣人與第三人間存在有效買賣契約為前提,則債權效力先買權人不得依民法第244條規定訴請撤銷出賣人與第三人間的契約;除非認為先買權的行使,不以出賣人與第三人間存在買賣契約為要件,則債權效力先買權人在符合該條規定的前提下,得訴請塗銷第三人的移轉登記。另外,債權效力先買權人得聲請假處分。
英文摘要
This study explores the meaning of the effect of in personam rights of first refusal of real estate and the divergence between in personam rights of first refusal of real estate and general in personam rights. This study also discusses the existing doctrine and practice. About the in personam rights of first refusal of real estate, first of all, if a person sells a property against the provision of statutory rights of first refusal and has not transfer the property to the buyer, the buyer cannot claim for registration of transfer after the statutory right holder of first refusal claims to buy. Therefore, in personam rights of first refusal by operation of law are superior to general in personam rights before the third party acquires the property. Secondly, after the seller transfers the property to the third party, in personam right holders of first refusal cannot always demand the seller to compensate in practice. Furthermore, if we hold that rights of first refusal are based on the valid contract between the seller and the third party, in personam right holders of first refusal shall not apply to the court for the revocation of the contract between the seller and the third party according to Article 244 of the Civil Code. If we hold that rights of first refusal are not based on the contract between the seller and the third party, in personam right holders of first refusal may apply to the court for the registration of cancellation of the ownership of the third party based on the conditions of the said provision. In addition, in personam right holders of first refusal may apply for a provisional injunction.
起訖頁 143-190
關鍵詞 優先購買權優先承買權先買權債權效力PreemptionRight of First RefusalOption of First Refusal
刊名 世新法學  
期數 201512 (9:1期)
出版單位 世新大學法學院
DOI 10.3966/199815542015120901003  複製DOI
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