We investigated the magnitude of job burnout and quit intention, and analyzed factors associated with burnout and quit intention among Chinese medical doctors and dentists during the implementation of the global budget payment system of the Taiwan National Health Insurance. A study with a stratified and proportional random sampling was used to obtain the study sample in Taoyuan, Taiwan. From July to December 2006, 51 Chinese medical doctors, 30 dentists were obtained. The mean score of emotional exhaustion was 18.3, depersonalization was 6.2, and personal accomplishment was 37.5, respectively. 29.6% of Chinese medical doctors and dentists had an intention to quit their job. Chinese medical doctors and dentists did not had significantly different level of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, personal accomplishment and intention to quit their job. Multivariate analysis reveals that questionnaire on medical worker’s stress (p=.0070), marital status (.0049), salary (p=.0019) and salary satisfaction (.0046) was significantly associated with emotional exhaustion. Marital status (p=.0173) was significantly associated with depersonalization. Age (p=.0257) was significantly associated with personal accomplishment. Emotional exhaustion (p=.0372) was significantly associated with quit intention. During implementation of global budget payment system, Chinese medical doctors and dentists had low level of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, but high level of personal accomplishment. 29.6% of Chinese medical doctors and dentists had an intention to quit their job. The reason had quit intention was emotional exhaustion.