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篇名
專利英文與法院判決閱讀能力的開發:以Bilski v. Kappos案判決為教材的個案研究
並列篇名
Patent English and Reading Skill Development for Court Decisions: Using Bilski v. Kappos, 561 U.S. 593 (2010), as a Case Study Material
作者 陳秉訓
中文摘要
「專利英文」為執行專利申請業務而須和外國代理人溝通用的專業英文。閱讀美國專利法判決可幫助提升該能力。本文以美國聯邦最高法院於2010年的Bilski v. Kappos案判決為例解釋閱讀方法。最高法院有九位法官,必須有五位法官有一致意見才有主要見解。不同法官可有不同意見或協同意見(結論一樣但推論不同的意見),皆記載於判決內容。主要見解才是判例。主要見解有時需要靠不同意見或協同意見的內容來幫助理解。本文接著以Bilski案判決為例解釋判決寫作架構與分析見解內容。辨識法理原則和裁判的理由能幫助對專利法的認識,但也應瞭解判決可能有內在的矛盾。
英文摘要
Patent law is a legal system where a government grants to an inventor an exclusive right of stopping others from exploiting her invention in return of her full disclosure of the invention to the society. To acquire a patent, an inventor usually needs a patent specialist to help file or draft an application. Recently, "Patent English" has been considered a necessary skill of a patent specialist because it is one subject in the Taiwan patent bar exam. In fact, "Patent English" is still a developing concept in the field of English for Specific Purposes ("ESP"). In view of patent practice, "Patent English" is an English language skill necessarily for a patent specialist to communicate with foreign patent agents to help her local or foreign clients file a patent application. She also needs a skill to help her establish the knowledge about patent law, especially the American patent law. One approach is to read more court decisions to gain the knowledge. This paper intends to address a method of helping paten specialists learn the legal doctrines and applications explained in a court decision. Specifically, this article chooses a decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, Bilski v. Kappos, 561 U.S. 593 (2010), as an example to present what a complex decision is and how it can be analyzed. The Bilski decision is about the patent-eligibility issue related to business methods. This article has two parts. To begin with, a brief introduction of the American legal system will be presented. Regarding the Supreme Court, there are nine judges sitting there. In each case, a vote of five out of nine judges can form a majority opinion. In addition to a majority opinion, a Supreme Court decision contains a dissenting opinion, written by a judge who opposes to the majoritys view, and/or a concurring opinion, written by a judge who takes the same position with the majority but has a different reason or another reason. While legal doctrines are presented in the majority opinion of a court decision, the dissenting opinion or concurring opinion might help understand the concerns or intentions of the majority. Second, this article uses the Bilski decision to explain the structure of a court opinion and the interpretation of the courts opinions. Identifying the legal rules and reasons of judgment helps understand the law of patent. But, readers also need to understand the existence of ambiguity in each decision.
起訖頁 065-084
關鍵詞 專利英文專利法專利適格性第101條美國聯邦最高法院Patent Englishpatent lawpatent-eligibilitysection 101Supreme Court of the United States
刊名 語文與國際研究期刊  
期數 201606 (15期)
DOI 10.3966/181147172016060015004  複製DOI
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