The J.Y. Interpretation No. 719 is the first case involving the protections of the fundamental rights of the indigenous people in the history of constitutional interpretations in Taiwan which gives the Grand Justices of the Judicial Yuan a chance to start from the viewpoint of the protection of the fundamental rights of the indigenous people to elaborate the constitutionality of relevant laws implementing the protection of the fundamental rights of indigenous people and to lay the solid constitutional foundation of related laws with regarding the protection of indigenous people. It is praiseworthy because it not only initiates the objective legal protection of the fundamental rights of indigenous people, but also establishes the mechanism of periodical review and categorizes the judicial reviews of the fundamental rights. However, it at the same time discusses the inclusion and infringement of the fundamental rights and the reasoning of the constitutionality. It contains the constitutional issues of the utilization of the principle of proportionality, the principle of equality, and the standard of judicial review. All of above requires a further discussion.