Objective: To explore the frequency of prescribing drugs and the various commonly encountered diseases at a department of Chinese medicine of a southern medical center.
Methods: Data pertaining to traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions from 2009 to 2012 stated in the Health Information System (HIS) database were selected. These data were used to conduct a retrospective analysis and compare the classification (including individual and compound drugs used in scientific traditional Chinese medications) and the frequency of prescription of commonly used traditional Chinese medicines as well as to identify the 10 most common diseases.
Results: Between 2009 and 2012, soft tissue diseases were the most common diseases encountered at the traditional Chinese medicine department of the southern medical center, followed by allergic rhinitis, back problems, joint diseases, cerebral artery occlusion, functional gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, cerebrovascular disease sequelae, and the other two diseases. The most common diseases that patients had been hospitalized were cerebrovascular disease sequelae, followed by malignant tumors, postoperative convalescence, hemiplegia, degenerative brain disorders, and other diseases. Traditional scientific Chinese medication is mainly prescribed in traditional Chinese medical practices in Taiwan. The most frequently used individual and compound traditional Chinese medications at this medical center are the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San, respectively. Statistical data also revealed that the usage frequency of traditional Chinese medicines by people in the southern region is increasing every year.
Conclusions: This study was of clinical importance in tradition Chinese medical practice. Analysis of the 10 most common diseases encountered in traditional Chinese medical practice and the relevance of the most commonly used traditional scientific Chinese medications would serve as a reference for traditional Chinese medical doctors while prescribing drugs.