Emperors in the early Qing dynasty paid great attention to cultural establishments. Before the Qing power expanded into China propoer in 1644, emperors already initiated plans to publish books actively. After 1644, they set up more book-editing plans to cover literature, historiography, geography, dictionary and encyclopedia. These books contained complex political and cultural thoughts and brought great influence. Although official book-editing decreased during the JiaqingDaoguang period, except the Emperor Record and Emperor's Poetry Collection, literati continued to edit books actively under literary persecution and their efforts turned into a movement. The JiaqingDaoguang period marked a turning point in Qing dynasty. How did literati act during this period? How did they transform academic work into statecraft? These are questions that existing scholarship has not fully answered. To answer these questions, this article will examine the two vesrions of The Collection of Righteousness (Qiankun Zhengqi Ji) edited subsequently by Gu Yuan and Pan Xi-en and explore the major concerns, network of scholars, and other issues of the book-editing movement in mid-Qing period. It aims to further understand the academic culture of the Qing Dynasty, identify the trend of the times, and delineate the intertwined relationship between academic works and political change.