Urinary incontinence is a common complication among patient undergoing radical resection of prostate. A proper nursing instruction can greatly ease the discomfort and better the outcome of the surgery. The aim of this project is to increase the completing rate of nursing instruction, and enhance patient's awareness of self-care thus improve patient's life quality. A clinical survey shown that incomplete nursing instruction has led to the rising inquiry calls of discharged patient. Factors were analyzed and the main reason were revealed as below: insufficient information in booklet of patient education, inadequate in-service training of nursing staff, lack of booklet specialized in urinary incontinence, indistinct hand-overs among nursing staff, last but not the least, lack of standard operation procedure of nursing instruction. A series of improvements has been proceeded during 1st June 2014 to 15th January 2015. Project of improvements includes: publication of booklet about selfcare of urinary incontinence, holding in-service training for nursing staff, designing hand-over sheet of nursing instruction and standard operation procedure of nursing instruction. After the project of improvement, the rate of complete nursing instruction has raised from 32% to 90%, and patient's awareness rate of urinary incontinence self-care at home also reach 100% while the rate of compliance are 86%. By reinforcing the process of nursing instruction, the quality of care can greatly improve and the ability of urinary incontinence self-care of discharged patient can also be enhanced.