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篇名
在宅醫療觀點分享
並列篇名
Sharing Perspectives on Home Healthcare
作者 許碧珊陳睿安陳御左巫翰明李思瑩賴仲亮
中文摘要
二次世界大戰後的戰後嬰兒潮,加上醫療技術與公共衛生突飛猛進,使得全球人口快速老化;亞洲國家老化的速度居世界之冠,台灣估計約7–10年就會從高齡社會變成超高齡社會。長期照護的需求日益增加,對健康威脅的疾病型態由急性轉向慢性,健康照護重心由疾病轉為功能導向,處理健康問題的腳步逐漸由治癒(cure)轉成照護(care)。原先作為照護基石的家庭,因少子化與高齡化的現象顯得難以負擔,加上民眾要求兼顧健康照護與生活品質的浪潮,使得在宅醫療在醫療體系中的角色與日俱增。高齡照顧專業呈現多樣且蓬勃發展的樣貌;從照顧專業、護理專業、家庭醫學、高齡醫學、復健醫學、遠距醫療與醫療輔助器材的發展及社會福利資源的整合趨勢,跨專業團隊使在宅照護服務更有能力提供複雜的醫療照護。生命終了前,安寧居家醫療增加個案在家臨終心願的可行性、降低選擇在家往生者的末期症狀且減低遺族的悲傷。台灣在中央健康保險單一保險人的制度下,為了有效彈性運用醫療資源,抑制醫療費用的上漲,以在宅醫療服務取代部分住院與機構式照護是必然的趨勢。
英文摘要
The baby boom after World War II, coupled with the rapid advances in medical technology and public health, has led to the current rapid aging in the world's population. Countries in Asia are experiencing a faster rate of aging than most other countries around the world. Taiwan is expected to advance from an aged society to a super-aged society in the next 7~10 years. Consequently, the demand for longterm care is increasing. The focus of healthcare has changed from acute to chronic, from diseaseoriented to function-oriented and from cure to care. Families, once the cornerstone of care, have become overwhelmed by the effects of the declining birthrate and aging. Encountering the public demand for a balance between healthcare and quality of life has led to the increasing role of homebased care in the medical system. The elderly-care profession is diverse and growing. The trend of transdisciplinary team which integrating care professions, nursing professions, family medicine, geriatric medicine, rehabilitation medicine, telemedicine, and medical aids with the resource of social welfare enables home health care services to better provide well-rounded medical care. Before end of life, hospice home care services increase the likelihood of dying at home in accordance with the patient's preference, easing the symptoms of terminal illness and reducing the sorrow experienced by family members. The single insurer model used by the National Health Insurance system will inevitably replace some hospital and institutional services with home health care services that more effectively and flexibly use medical resources and attenuate the increase in medical costs.
起訖頁 5-10
關鍵詞 高齡在宅醫療跨專業團隊elderlyhome healthcaretransdisciplinary team
刊名 護理雜誌  
期數 201802 (65:1期)
出版單位 臺灣護理學會
該期刊-下一篇 日本在宅醫療中居家護理的角色
 

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