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篇名
降低外科加護病房病人壓瘡發生率之專案
並列篇名
Reducing Patient Pressure Sore Incidence in the Surgical Intensive Care Unit
作者 鍾卉庭徐玲蕙潘昭君
中文摘要
背景:本單位自2009年1月至2009年6月,發生壓瘡有8人,發生率佔0.42%,與去年同期壓瘡發生率0.28%比較,增加0.14%,壓瘡發生率明顯上升。目的:降低外科加護病房病人壓瘡發生率由0.42%下降至0.05%。解決方案:實施介入措施中含括有:「舉辦預防壓瘡在職教育訓練」、「設定適當翻身工具,提供人員翻身使用、製作「正確翻身擺位姿勢參閱本」」,作為翻身擺位參考依據、「製作「病人皮膚完整性查檢表」,做為一致性交班工具」、「成立壓瘡照護品質稽核小組,作持續性監測」。結果:壓瘡發生率由0.42%降至0.04%。結論:顯示專案介入措施後能確實降低壓瘡發生率,提升照護品質。
英文摘要
Background: Pressure ulcers were an increasingly significant problem among patients in the authors' ward. The eight patients diagnosed with pressure ulcers (0.42% of all inpatients) during the first half of 2009 represented a 140% increase over the first half of 2008 (0.28% of all inpatients).Purpose: This project was designed to reduce pressure ulcer incidence in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) to 0.05%.Methods: Intervention measures included: 1) holding professional training on preventing pressure ulcers; 2) specifying appropriate patient turnover tools; 3) creating and distributing to nurses a proper turnover technique and positioning manual; 4) creating and distributing to nurses a comprehensive patient skin inspection checklist; and 5) organizing a permanent pressure ulcer care quality and audit committee.Results: Pressure ulcer incidence fell from 0.42% to 0.04% following implementation of the methods.Conclusion: Results demonstrate the effectiveness of using the proposed methods to reduce pressure ulcer incidence and enhance nursing care quality.
起訖頁 56-63
關鍵詞 降低壓瘡發生率外科加護病房reductionpressure soresoccurrence ratesurgical intensive care unit
刊名 護理雜誌  
期數 201106 (58:3附冊期)
出版單位 臺灣護理學會
該期刊-上一篇 某內外科加護病房護理人員執行護理評估正確率之改善方案
該期刊-下一篇 血液腫瘤病患人工血管照護品質改善專案
 

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