The schizophrenia patient whose case has been presented in this report had no intellectual insight and exhibited poor medical compliance. She was hospitalized on July 4, 2010,to address problems owing to academic pressure, but was suspected to have mental symptoms such as hallucination and somatic delusion. On account of the family members’ denial of the diagnosis of a mental disorder, they discharged the patient the same day. Later, the family members observed that the patient suffered from insomnia and made false comments on reality. Though under clinical follow-ups, she was hospitalized again because of the behavioral disorder caused by poor medical compliance. The patient’s care treatment began from January 6, 2015, and ended on February 3, 2015.Through actual observations, interviews, medical history, and assessments of the five dimensionsof schizophrenia, the patient was found to have a sleeping disorder, anxiety, altered thought processes, social interaction impairment, and knowledge deficit (regarding diseases, home care, etc.).With the establishment of therapeutic interpersonal relationships and discussion of effective anxiety releasing methods, such as focus transference and singing, the patient was encouraged to apply the visual analogue scale to assess anxiety to aid self-awareness of interactions with others. This aimed to help her tackle problems while interacting with groups, practicing social skills, and further improving social communication. By exploiting the communication skills and discussing present people and matters, the patient’s sense of reality and insight could be reinforced. Additionally, colloquia were held to involve the family members in the care treatment projects. The following suggestions are made for this case: it is important to sympathize with and understandthe bias of the patient and the family members against mental illnesses, clarify the disease, challenge the stereotype of taking medication to establish insight in the patient’, and enhance the motive of medication compliance in order to avoid relapse and functional degradation.