Physicians of Chinese medicine qualify as such by one of two courses: normal mainstream education and passing the ”special examination.” Main-stream education training includes a seven-year course in the School of Chinese Medicine and five-year course in the Postbaccalaureate School of Chinese Medicine. In the Taiwan area, there are ten medical schools including four public ones and six private ones. Of these, only China Medical College has a school of Chinese medicine. Those who pass the special examination are also required to undergo eighteen months' practical training at China Medical College before they are allowed to practice. This paper describes the aims of the China Medical College, its development, its departments and research institutes. It provides a detailed account of the training offered by the School of Chinese Medicine and the direction of research in the Institute of Chinese Medical and Pharmaceutical Science. It also makes a comparison of the compulsory subjects studied in Taiwan and mainland China.