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篇名
家族與地方都市的發展--以板橋林家與海山劉家的發展為例
並列篇名
Local Families and the Development of Pan-ch'iao: The Cases of the Lins and the Lius
作者 蔡采秀
中文摘要
家族在過去的台灣社會中一直是最有力的社會組織原則,國內的史學界和社會科學界以往也累積了相當多有關家族研究的可觀成果;不論是家族企業或地方派系的研究,基本上都是從這議題所延伸出來的研究主題。
英文摘要
This article traces the effects of two families on the urban development of Pan-ch'iao: the Lin family during the Ch'ing dynasty and the period of Japanese rule; and the Liu family during the postwar period. These two families are analyzed using Gottdiener's conception of 'growth coalition competing for urban resources and interests.' The two case studies demonstrate that the success or failure of a family depended upon its relationship with the state. In the case of patronage relationships, the families were endowed with managerial power by the state, through which they controlled urban resources and manipulated their spatial locations. The development of the city of Pan-ch'iao was closely related to the growth of these two families. The Lin family adopted a passive strategy of cooperation with the state, engaging in the development of frontier land , through which they became the biggest landlord in the late Ch'ing period. The close relationship between the Lin family and the state helped the city of Pan-ch'iao develop, as financial resources were made available for urban construction due to the close Lin-Ch'ing political ties. The old central district especially benefited from the relationship between the Lins and the local bureaucracy. This pattern of political and economic partronage continued until the eve of the Japanese invasion of South China. After the Japanese occupation of the region, the Lin family was invited to participate in the Japanese economic investment in China during the Sino-Japanese War. This fact was responsible for the KMT's labeling the Lin family as 'traitors.' In contrast to the established position of the Lin family, the Liu clan rose to prominence in the postwar and civil war period (1945-1949). The political and economic situation was much different for the Liu family than it had been for the Lins. The KMT was not as aggressive in accumulating capital as the Japanese had been, nor were the KMT armies alien occupiers as were the Ch'ing. The Liu family could not rely on passive political from the state as had the Lins. Therefore they were forced to actively seek KMT sponsorship. In the economic field the Liu family formed alliances with other families in order to compete for urban capital, and is so doing developed a new political/business center in the city. The result was the district of Chian-tze-ts'ui, which became a twinned central district of Pan-ch'iao after the 1950s.
起訖頁 138-186
關鍵詞 家族都市發展板橋林家海山劉家
刊名 臺灣史研究  
期數 199512 (2:2期)
出版單位 中央研究院臺灣史研究所
該期刊-上一篇 臺灣日治時代租佃制度的運行
該期刊-下一篇 保正、保甲書記、街庄役場--口述歷史(李金鎮、陳榮松、陳金和)
 

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