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篇名
清代一個務實拓墾家族的研究--以新竹姜朝鳳家族為例
並列篇名
A Practical Land-Reclaiming Family in Ch'ing Taiwan: The Case Study of the Chiang Family of Hsin-chu
作者 吳學明
中文摘要
台灣史上重要家族之崛起,均有其共通之處,而其為後人所熟知樂道者,則在於其家族之特色。如板橋林家、霧峰林家、新竹鄭家、高雄陳家,甚或稍晚之基隆顏家、鹿港辜家等,各有其家族特色。近年來台灣家族史研究頗受重視,屢有佳作,如黃富三教授之研究霧峰林家、許雪姬教授之研究龍井林家等均是。
英文摘要
The Chiang Ch'ao-feng family of Hsin-chu is important in the history of Taiwan due to its achievements in frontier land relamation in the Ch'ing dynasty. Chiang Ch'ao-feng and his family moved to Taiwan between the Yung-cheng and the Chien-lung periods. They settled at Hung-mao Port (today's Hsin-heng Hsiang, Hsin-chu Hsien) and worked as tenant farmers. In pursuit of prosperity, his sons including Sheng-chih and others moved to Chiu-chiung-lin (today's Chiung-lin Hsiang), a remote mounationous area first opened up to the Han immigrants, during the mid-Chien-lung reign. The Chiang family prospered with this new opportunity of land reclamation: Chiang sheng-chih became the tenant head of Chiu-chiung-lin and his nephew Hsiu-luan participated in the reclamation of Chiu-chiung-lin and Hsu-chi-lin (today's Chutung City) and organized the famous 'Chin-huang-fu Land Reclaiming Service,' a cooperative organization joined by Fukienese merchants in Chu-chien (today's Hsin-chu City) with the Ch'ing government's support for reclaiming the lands in today's Pei-pu, Pao-shan and other areas. Since then, the offsprings of the Chiang family had been actively involved in the reclamation of mountainous area and became a large land-reclaiming family in Hsin-chu. Through their efforts in land reclamation, the Chiang Ch'ao-feng family accumulated a significant amount of wealth and privileges. Making use of their wealth and status, they actively participated in public affairs and earned the recognition of the local government to establish their local leadership as an influential landing family in Hsin-chu. Within several generations, the Chiang family has developed from tenant farmers to a leading land-owning family. The major reason for their success may be attributed to the capable leadership of their family heads who not only integrated the different needs of frontier environment and established a sound relationship with the government, but consistently maintained an aggressive spirit in progressing the reclamation efforts. On the other hand, the Chiang family remained b\to be a local family without further development due to the following limitations: (1)there were not enough family members and many of which died young; (2)while continuing developing the new reclaimed areas, they neglected to win higher imperial ranks and reputations; (3)the moving to the remote Pei-pu area resulted in the limitation of their development due to the mountainous geographical setting; (4)they failed to adapt to the late Ch'ing governmental policy changes and thus lost the new opportunity for development. In conclusion, the case of the Chiang family illustrates the success as well as the limitations of a practical land-reclaiming family that continued to pursue development and earn profits in newly reclaimed area of frontier Taiwan and has thus become an important example of the Han Taiwanese entrepreneurship in the Ch'ing dynasty.
起訖頁 6-52
關鍵詞 姜朝鳳
刊名 臺灣史研究  
期數 199512 (2:2期)
出版單位 中央研究院臺灣史研究所
該期刊-下一篇 十九世紀龍井林家的土地經營
 

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